Define Anxiety Attack – Detailed Review and Information
Prevent and calm an anxiety attack: understand everything in 2 min
The effectiveness of psychotherapy for treating anxiety disorders is well established. This is even the preferred treatment in many cases, before having to resort to drugs.
However, it may be interesting to associate another type of psychotherapies (analytic therapy, systemic, etc.) to prevent the symptoms from moving to reappear in other forms.
The therapy sessions are intended to inform the state of panic and gradually change the “false beliefs”, misinterpretations and negative behaviors associated with them, to replace them with more knowledge. rational and realistic.
Several techniques help to learn to stop seizures, and to calm down when you feel anxiety rising. Simple exercises must be done from one week to the next to progress. It should be noted that CBTs are useful for reducing symptoms but their purpose is not to define the origin, the cause of the emergence of these panic attacks.
In other methods, assertiveness can be effective in improving emotional control and developing new behaviors that are appropriate for responding to situations that are considered distressing.
Analytical psychotherapy (psychoanalysis) may be interesting when there are underlying conflicting elements related to the psycho-emotional evolution of the person.
Define Anxiety Attack Guide for Patients
Among the pharmacological treatments, several classes of drugs have been proven to reduce the frequency of acute attacks of anxiety.
Antidepressants are the first choice, followed by anxiolytics (Xanax®), which, however, have a higher risk of dependence and side effects.
In Europe, the two types of antidepressants recommended5 to treat panic disorders in the long term are:
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) whose principle is to increase the amount of serotonin in the synapses (junction between two neurons) by preventing the recapture of the latter. Paroxetine (Deroxat® / Paxil®), escitalopram (Seroplex® / Lexapro®) and citalopram (Seropram® / Celexa®) are particularly recommended.
Tricyclic antidepressants such as clomipramine (Anafranil®).
In some cases, venlafaxine (Effexor®) may also be prescribed.
Antidepressant treatment is first prescribed for 12 weeks, then an assessment is made to decide whether to continue treatment or change it.
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